Wednesday, 30 October 2013

Your Career in Politics - Tips for Getting Your First Political Job

Getting your first job in politics might seem like an extremely daunting task, but if you break it down into its basic elements, you might be surprised that its easier than you thought.

Starting out, you can try for a full-time or part-time position, paid or unpaid, as an entry-level staffer or as an intern. Much conventional wisdom on these issues is misleading. Unpaid positions are often a great way to get in the door, and can be surprisingly competitive. Also, many good places will create a position for you if they see a need for your talents. You have to find and identify the decision-maker and convince them to support you and bringing you onto the team instead of just relying on whoever is accepting your resume as the designated catcher for intern resumes.

The money is always an important first consideration. There are paid and unpaid positions, and a variety of titles and roles that masquerade as unpaid work such as "fellows" and different flavors of internships. Don't let a college degree, work experience, or other personal pride stand in the way of taking any of these positions.

If this is an organization or team you want to work with, do what it takes to get in the door. Focus hard on finding a paid position, don't work for free as that sends a bad message to the staff that you have a low worth, but do the unpaid work if that's what it takes. Don't think that your commitment and hard work won't get noticed, just be careful that it's not taken for granted. If you do end up doing an unpaid position, do it for a set period of time and don't work a single day past that point without asking for a regular salary.

Want to learn the insider secrets to getting a job in politics and keeping it?

Sunday, 27 October 2013

Why Indian Science Lagged Behind Western Science?

Science is the study of theory, its verification through observation and experimentation to verify those observations in the context of the theory. If the theory is verifiable through an experiment and a meticulous observation then it is successful otherwise not. Science includes various areas of study like physics, chemistry, mathematics etc. Science is passion of west but the reality is that it has its roots in India also. It would not be wrong to analyze the reasons about why India lagged behind while the west progressed ahead to left India behind in Science.

Why Indian science lagged behind the western science and why Western science is more advanced and genuine? Indian Science progresses like anything else through the early years of first century to eleventh century especially astronomy. While Europe was still living in the dark ages under pope and Christianity, Indians had already made progress in the mathematics and astronomical sciences to name a few. An Indian scientist was the first person to cite the idea that the earth revolved round the sun and not the other way round which was a remarkable achievement made thousand years before Copernicus proposed his heliocentric theory. Another Indian scientist proposed theorems on several geometrical figures and other mathematical proofs which seemed several years advanced. It was India which gave the world the idea of zero and numbers.The numbers concept was given by India which was later transferred to Arab World by Arab Scholar which later passed on to Europe. After having achieved so much remarkable scientific discoveries why Indian Science lagged behind?

Indian Science never saw the same trajectory of development as seen by western science during the renaissance period. The progress of Science in west began by Newton and other scientists. Indian society was Caste-ridden.Society had strata of castes where every Caste had its own hereditary profession. There were hard lines drawn between the castes and out of these boundaries no one could jump so if a merchant class worker do the work of art he has to do that work only even if he proposed some noble thoughts out of his mouth some heyday was a thorough nonsense as it was not considered his profession. Brahmans were the only privileged class to have some say in intellectual matters while others classes were left devoid of any such privilege. So in a way there was not such development of science was possible in ancient India where there was no freedom of exchange of thoughts and ideas. Once scientific development got broke in eleventh century A.D. it could not had been kept up in the later years.

Invention of printing press happened only in 13th century not in India but in China. It was certainly a misfortune for India that it was not invented earlier. Paper is more powerful medium of storing knowledge and passing on this knowledge to future generations, thereby building on the past knowledge. The Indian ancient scientists (as before mentioned names) could not have been able to do so. The knowledge once created could have been lost forever and could not be stored in a reliable and compact book. In contrast western science when in its nascent stages in the fourteenth century could have capitalized on the opportunity as paper was already invented. So a scientist like Newton or Copernicus or Galileo could have passed such knowledge in the form of books. What would have happened if newton could not have passed his knowledge in form of book called the Principia of mathematics or Copernicus would not have published his work of heliocentric theory? Certainly western science could not have progressed as it did. This knowledge in form of books could be then be used by future scientists to further the progress of the western science. Invention of paper cannot be cited as the sole reason for Indian science to not to have progressed. There are some more reasons which needs investigation as what was the real reason for Indian Scientific thought that originated around fourth century B.C. could not carry on to do what western science has achieved.

The Chinese traveler Hun-Tseng while visiting India saw well-established universities in modern Bihar. The University had well laid down monasteries and renowned teachers called gurus. The students lived in monasteries and taught in areas of literature, history, science etc. There was a proper medium of teaching and communication between the guru and the student. Many scholars visited University from various countries to learn higher education. There were some well-known teachers. Another University in modern Pakistan was also a great center of learning in north-western part of India. These were great institutes of learning and could have been great harbinger for cultivation of modern scientific thought for Indian in the coming time and could have placed the country on top of the pile in terms of scientific achievements and other knowledge frontiers. But what happened to such well-established centers of learning. The answer to this curious question is India was a hunting ground for plunderers. India was a rich country at that time with large wealth in form of gold and other precious ornaments. Many plunderers from North West invaded India and destroyed its well established establishments including the universities. There were invasions which created new rulers especially of barbaric nature who wanted to destroy such established learning systems and wanted to lay their own method of administration of the state. The ruins of great Indian Universities suggest how they got destroyed by these invasions of loot and destruction. Once destroyed these systems of learning could not be established on large-scale but prevailed on small-scale. Although these centers of leaning were not like the modern university system of west but they do had the potential to become great centers of learning. Western Science progressed with the aid of the universities system. These were the temples of higher learning where scholars could do research and publish their works. This system of universities could be considered as backbone of western science without which progress of science could not had been possible. Indian science could not have flourished without this education system which is obvious and sensible thought. So in a sense absence of such centers of learning was one of the determining factors for Western science having been triumphed while the Indian science which started so early could not had seen the bright day.

The broken string of the scientific thought after the eleventh century A.D. could be seen in the reigns of famous rulers like Akbar. There were experts for literature, music and other arts but not even a single expert on science. Besides that there was not any significant work on science written which can suggest that scientific temper prevailed at that time. Although there were enough works of arts like music, literature that could be cited easily. The rulers in the west had experts like Leonardo Da Vinci in Italy and Tyco Brahe was people whose works changed western science. Presence of such geniuses in the courts of rulers suggests how western scientific thought was given respect by rulers at that time when western science was just flourishing. So in a way ruling aristocracy played a great role in progress of western science in an indirect way by encouraging the scholars of such calibers to continue their work by providing the financial support. In India the situation was entirely different and thus one can consider that Science was entirely forgotten and the though of its progress in such a situation was out of question.

Science requires inventions like the steam engine or any other work of technology. The Indian climate is not so harsh and severe as compared to the western countries where cold and harsh weather demanded invention of technology. Requirement for clothes demanded invention of machines and other devices. Indian whether being good did not demanded any invention of technology. So climatic conditions were also had role to play. The demand to go long distances in harsh British winter led to the Invention of steam engine. The demand for clothes and other articles of use led to the establishments of factories. While in India the domestic demand of clothes, utensils and other items got fulfilled by small groups of private artists and workers who specialized in a particular work of art.

The scientific discoveries happened in form of patches of scientific discoveries but there was no clear trajectory of the progress of Indian science. The trajectory could had continued and completed but it broke in between by the factors as already cited like castes, the breakup of university system, royal patronage, climate, printing invention. In a way these factors suggest that Indian science could not have progressed as western science progressed. So in the end social, political and economic structural differences certainly made Indian science lagged behind the Western Science.

Friday, 25 October 2013

Avian Flu Fright: Politically Timed for Global "Latrogenocide"

Dr. Len Horowitz's Avian Flu Fright Commentary

To: All grassroots activists, health and vaccination networkers.

Please forward this urgent e-mail, to help save lives, to everyone in your network.

Avian Flu Fright: Politically Timed for Global "Iatrogenocide"

A Public Health Warning and Political Essay by a Harvard-trained Author of Fifteen Books Including the American bestseller, Emerging Viruses: AIDS & Ebola-Nature, Accident or Intentional?

Leonard G. Horowitz, DMD, MA, MPH


If avian flu becomes more than a threatened pandemic, it will have done so by political and economic design. This thesis is supported by current massive media misrepresentations, profiteering on risky and valueless vaccines, gross neglect of data evidencing earlier similar man-made plaques including SARS, West Nile Virus, AIDS and more; continuance of genetic studies breeding more mutant flu viruses likely to outbreak, inside trading scandals involving pandemic savvy White House and drug industry officials, curious immunity of these pharmaceutical entities over the past century to law enforcement and mainstream media scrutiny, and published official depopulation objectives. With the revelations and assertions advanced herein, the public is forewarned against this physician assisted mass murder best termed "iatrogenocide."* This genocidal imposition is expected to serve mainly economic and political depopulation objectives.


In April, 2003, a social experiment called SARS, said to have arrived from Asia, heavily struck Toronto. I was there throughout most of this Asian flu-foreshadowing fright. This bizarre new pneumonia-like illness was named Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome. It was said to be the latest threat in an ongoing series of attacks on humanity by mysteriously mutating "supergerms."

A careful study of the scientific and medical-sociological correlates and antecedents of this "outbreak" revealed something amiss far more insidious than SARS. I critically considered Toronto's media reaction as any Harvard-trained public health expert in media persuasion behavioral science might. The scourge had all the earmarks of a novel social experiment conducted by white-collar bioterrorist.

It seemed clear to me that this unprecedented population manipulation effectively indoctrinated the mass mind in support of a grossly ineffective, albeit legislated, public health response in advance of the arrival of "the Big One." Throughout the "SARS Scam,"(1) repeated references were made to biological agents that might facilitate decimation of approximately a third to half of the world's population. Having extensively reviewed political population control literature and contemporary objectives of leading global industrialists, I noted these predictions were in close keeping with current official population reduction objectives.(2)

Canada's response to SARS in 2003 was, for the first time in history, directed by the United Nations and World Health Organization (WHO). Having reviewed the intimate financial and administrative ties between these organizations, the Rockefeller family, Carnegie Foundation, and the world's leading drug makers, "the fox," in essence, reigned over Canada's "chickens."

The truth about plagues includes the fact that "no grand pandemic ever evolved divorced from major socio-political upheaval." SARS advanced a political agenda more than a public health emergency. If public health officials earnestly intended to prevent these new emerging diseases, or successfully treat them at their roots, I repeated, they would study their obvious origins from the merged military-medical-biotechnology arena. A basic course in medical sociology simply justifies this utilitarian counsel.

"Experts" had been predicting the arrival of a super-plague for decades. What was HIGHLY SUSPICIOUS about the mysterious and terrifying arrival of SARS, however, was its timing. It synchronously arrived with the global war on terrorism, and the Anglo-American war with Iraq. It seemed a convenient distraction from the fact that the earlier Bush administration had shipped Saddam Hussein most of his deadly biological weapons arsenal including anthrax and West Nile Virus. SARS was pathognomonic (i.e., symptomatic and characteristic) of what I had predicted and explained in the book, Death in the Air: Globalism, Terrorism and Toxic Warfare (Tetrahedron Publishing Group, 2001;, a prophetically-titled text that predated the 9-11 attacks on America by several months, and provided a contextual analysis of certain globalists' links to recent "outbreaks."

In essence, I provided insight into the broad application of a new form of institutionalized "bioterrorism" consistent with state sponsored biological warfare. Saddam Hussein was said to have exposed populations in his and adjacent lands with biological and chemical weapons of mass destruction. SARS and the current avian flu fright is sanctioned by military-medical-pharmaceutical-petrochemical industrialists likewise operating above the law in many documented instances. Having testified before the U.S. Congress, I personally experienced how premiere pharmaceutical industrialists direct our political-economic representatives in government. Emerging diseases complement the political "War on Terrorism," and our bioterror-influenced culture. This agenda serves two primary objectives: profitability and population-reduction.

Political Reality Versus Mass-Mediated Myths

The ever increasing madness around us is eerily consistent with globalist think tank recommendations for the current "conflicts short of war." Beginning in the late 1960s, "economic substitutes for standard militarization" were sought and found by leading global industrialists. New biological threats, the "war on terrorism," and increasing numbers of "natural disasters" including space-based threats and superstorms were considered economically and politically expedient compared with the first and second world wars. These "conflicts short of war" were decidedly more manageable and economically viable. For this reason, especially their profitability, they were leading options among Anglo-American policy makers.

Nelson Rockefeller's protégé, Henry Kissinger, for instance, as National Security Advisor (NSA) under Richard Nixon, oversaw foreign policy while considering Third World population reduction "necessities" for the U.S., Britain, Germany, and other allies. This Bush nominee to direct the 9-11 conspiracy investigation, a reputed war criminal, then selected the option to have the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) develop biological weapons, according to the U.S. Congressional Record of 1975. Among these new man-made biological weapons were germs far deadlier than the avian flu.

For example, by 1968, when Kissinger requested and received updated intelligence on useful "synthetic biological agents" for germ warfare and population control, mutant recombinant flu viruses had just been engineered by Special Virus Cancer Program researchers O'Conner, Stewart, Kinard, Rauscher and others.(3) During this program, influenza and parainfluenza viruses were recombined with quick acting leukemia viruses (acute lymphocytic leukemia) to deliver weapons that potentially spread cancer, like the flu, by sneezing. These researchers also amassed avian cancer
(sarcoma) viruses and inoculated them into humans and monkeys to determine their carcinogenicity. In related efforts, Raucher et al. used radiation to enhance avian virus's cancer-causing potential. These incredible scientific realities have been officially censored and generally neglected by the media's mainstream.

Similarly, the Institute of Science in Society (IoSS) in London raised the genetic engineering question in the origin of SARS. "Could genetic engineering have contributed inadvertently to creating the SARS virus?" they asked. "This point was not even considered by the expert coronavirologists called in to help handle the crisis, now being feted and woed by pharmaceutical companies eager to develop vaccines." Those living in glass houses should not throw stones. The above emphasis is added to show IoSS they had "not even considered" intentional SARS deployment in their scientific, allegedly unbiased, purview.(4)

Conflicts short of war, like the "War on AIDS," "War on Drugs," "War on Terrorism," "War on Cancer," and now "War on the Avian Flu" require sophisticated propaganda programs employing fear campaigns for social acceptance and popular support of legislated policies. These psychological operations (officially termed PSYOPS) for "command and control warfare"
(technically called C2W), experts advise, best support the emerging "Revolution in Military Affairs" (RMA). The RMA's capabilities include "a form of human slavery" in which the world's captive populations would not know they are enslaved.(2)

The RMA undoubtedly incorporates the use of debilitating biologicals and chemical agents most generously on behalf of drug and vaccine makers. A classic example is the toxic carcinogenic organophosphate pesticides deployed against human populations, said to target "mosquitoes," in the "War Against the West Nile Virus." Such "non-lethal warfare" agents, as these are militarily termed, are indeed deadly, but mortality results slowly from toxic exposures allowing more profits to be made by allied pharmaceutical and medical industrialists. Victims of the "non-lethal" exposures die slowly from chronic debilitating diseases. Expensive hospitals and long-term care facilities are virtual concentration camps. The ailments generated for "iatrogenocide" include the plethora of autoimmune diseases and newer cancers virtually non-existent 50 years ago. This fact, alone, strongly suggests a genocidal socio-economic and political agenda.

Avian Flu for Profit

In response to SARS, senior fellow at the Hudson Institute in Washington, Michael Fumento, published an economic thesis in Toronto related to the one I advance here. The "Super-bug or Super Scare," he wrote was published in Canada's National Post. Canadians were warned to "quarantine themselves," wear masks, and in some cases stay home. The Ontario Health Minister declared a "health emergency," as the media dubbed the "mysterious killer" a "super-pneumonia." Recoiling from the hype, Fumento asked and answered a few "real questions . . . How lethal, how transmissible, and how treatable is this strain?" The answers, he concluded, "leave no grounds for excitement, much less panic." The same may be said for this new curse of avian flu.(1)


At this writing, the avian flu is said to have killed "about 65 people" in Southeast Asia during the past two years! Little to no data is available on these individuals who most commonly had immune-compromising medical conditions. Further, all deaths were in Asian countries with questionable health services.

Conversely, other forms of flu kill more than 40,000 North Americans annually, generally the immune-compromised elderly.


According to USA Today (October 9, 2005), "European health officials are working to contain the [avian flu] virus, which so far has not infected anyone in the region." Although, allegedly "more than 140 million birds have died or been destroyed, . . . and financial losses to the poultry sector have topped $10 billion." This propaganda actually admits, "the current virus, known as H5N1, has not yet mutated to the point at which it can easily spread from person to person." In fact, it is likely to have never spread from person to person other than during laboratory handling!(5)


"The U.S. Senate has already approved a $3.9 billion package to buy vaccines and antiviral medications, and the Administration is also preparing a request for an additional $6 billion to $10 billion," according to a current BusinessWeek report.( 6)

"Beam me up Scottie, there is no intelligent life on this planet." This largely explains why the public puts up with this deadly deception. Even USA Today bemoans, "there is no human vaccine yet." So how come the U.S. Senate is rushing to spend all these billions for an avian flu vaccine?

I suppose we should overlook the fact that the current frightening strain of H5N1 avian flu virus has never readily jumped from human to human, and not commonly from birds to humans either. Thus, an effective vaccine can only be prepared by mutating this virus, thus creating what the world fears most. Let me explain. . . .

To make the human vaccine specific for the H5N1 mutant virus, you must start with the human virus which does not yet exist, except in perhaps military-biomedical-pharmaceutical laboratories. In fact, this is precisely what is being prepared based on news reports. To produce the human pathogen, the avian virus must be cultured for lengthy periods of time in human cell cultures, then injected into monkey and ultimately humans to see if these experimental subjects get the same feared flu. Thus, the flu virus the world currently fears most is either: 1) now being prepared in labs paid by industrialists with massive wealth-building incentives to "accidentally" release the virus; or 2) has already been prepared in such labs to take advantage of this current fright and future sales following the virus's release.

Remember, to be effective against a virus, a vaccine is said to require specificity. If authorities were to now have the main H5N1 avian flu strain feared to spread at some future date there's no assurance by the time they developed the vaccine the strain would remain sufficiently the same for the vaccine to be effective anyway due to expected viral mutations. Viral mutations over time is a function of the agent's newness. New man-made viruses, laboratory creations, like the ones currently being prepared for vaccine trials, are less stable not having evolved over the millennia. Thus, the entire vaccine effort is largely, if not entirely, a sham with ulterior motives.

Remember too, that a vaccine's reliability requires years, or at least months, of testing in the targeted population. Vaccine injury data must, or should, be meticulously collected over this period to assure the vaccine is not killing and maiming more persons than it is helping or saving. Can you seriously believe this assurance will be provided by government or pharmaceutical industry officials in this pandemic's wake? FEMA's failed Katrina response pails by comparison to this public health liability and vaccine-injury certainty.

I say "vaccine-injury certainty" because of the extensive list of newly developed vaccinations, highly touted when brought to market, that caused horrific results. This list includes the first swine flu vaccine, polio vaccines, smallpox vaccine, anthrax vaccine, hepatitis B vaccine, and most recently Lyme disease vaccine that crippled approximately 750,000 people within months of its release and prior to its recall by the FDA.

Most people fail to realize all vaccines carry a list of ingredients that typically increase human disease and death (i.e., morbidity and mortality). These include toxic elements and chemicals such as mercury, aluminum, formaldehyde and formalin (used to preserve corpses), MSG, foreign genetic material, and risky proteins from various species of bacteria, viruses, and animals that have been scientifically associated with triggering autoimmune disorders and certain cancers. A growing body of scientific evidence strongly suggests vaccines are largely responsible for increasing cases of autism and other learning disabilities, chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia, Lupus, MS, ALS, rheumatoid arthritis, asthma, hay fever, allergies, chronic draining ear infections, type 1 autoimmune diabetes, and many, many more pandemics. These chronic ailments are said to require long-term medical care for the patients' management causing toxic side effects resulting in America's leading killer--iatrogenic disease. That is, vaccines and other pharmaceutical industry inventions are literally killing or disabling millions with little effort on the part of government officials and their drug industry cohorts to arrest this scourge.

For all we know, governments are ordering an avian flu vaccine that will precisely deliver this pandemic to the world to affect population control. Absurd thesis? Read on.

[Continued in Part 2 ~ including references]

Last Updated ( Thursday, 24 November 2005 )

Wednesday, 23 October 2013

Political Ponerology - Book Review of the Pseudo Science of Pathological Leaders

Often victims become bullies, as research shows, and perhaps the worst offenders on society are those who've been damaged themselves, and want revenge. We know that revenge is a very strong psychological motivator indeed. Victims who have actually been abused or convince themselves they've been abused, even though their own failures have brought them down, are perhaps the most dangerous of all in our society.

There is an interesting book on this topic, one you may wish to read if you want to get a victim's hateful diatribes and revengeful take on pathological behavior. The author makes the unbelievable and incoherent ascertain that four percent of population is unable to discern right from wrong using the conscience because they have none to start with. Indeed, the victim is a polish gentleman who dealt with NAZI rule, and then Stalin after the war.

The victim with all his hateful rage came up with "theories" attempting to purport them as facts, that certain bloodlines of elites contained the gene set allowing them to operate in society without conscience. Thus, giving them the advantage of life and actions without guilt - which is why they often rise to the top of society leaving broken dreams, destruction, debris, and even death in their wakes. This victim, uses his so-called pseudo science to persuade the reader of these ascertains.

Why did I even bother to read this book? An individual who considers himself a non-acquaintance of mine after an online email discussion recommended it to me. The book goes into theories of evil, and claims to be scientific, it's not really, but it is very interesting - the name of the book is:

"Political Ponerology: A Science on The Nature of Evil adjusted for Political Purposes," by Andrzej Lobaczewki - edited by Laura Knight-Jadczyk, New Leaf Distribution, (2007), pages 239, ISBN: 978-189-72442-58.

This book is completely interesting, but it goes on to become a political hit piece no better than Mein Koff in my opinion, as it attacks a former American President George W. Bush. The author and particularly the editor will not come to the realization that Stalin was a communist and Hitler was a socialist as they attack the US president's personal character. Indeed, I felt sorry for the author that his life became a hateful revenge mission to attack our leaders, but I was really taken aback by the evil cunning nature of how this book used Lobaczewki's work as a political hit piece.

Worse, it's amazing that the editor of this book does not dare trash our current sitting president who is by all definitions a socialist leaning and thinking leader. Indeed, due to the low approval ratings of President Bush towards the end of his second term, I do not doubt the book was popular and re-kindled Lebaczewki's pseudo-science. The reality is there is absolutely NO empirical evidence whatsoever to back up the claims in this book, even though it claims to be scientific.

Did, I enjoy this book? Yes, I thought it was comical in a way, as it reflected the sick mind of a victim tormented and unable to come to terms with his own evil thoughts, or the evil which had ruined his life experience. Thus, he was a damaged and driven soul. But, I do believe that this book is dangerous, as it is that of what ignites conspiracy theory.

Would I buy this book again? Oh, certainly no. Would I read it for free if available? Only chapter II, so please consider all this, and please be careful what you read and why, and be wise enough to look at the true motivation of such authors as they cry foul.

Saturday, 19 October 2013

Manned Space Flight to Mars Cometh - Predicted by Science Fiction Writers For 75-years

They say that reality mimics art and we find this to be true in civilization and human societies. For instance, science fiction authors discuss technologies and adventures that eventually come to pass. Is it because we read their works and dreamed of it and through human intent made it so? And if this is the case, what if they never wrote about it or made mention of it in the first place? Would we still have accomplished it or would we have spent our time on other things?

For instance; consider that Arthur C Clarke discussed net-centric satellite systems for communication? And other science fiction writers discussed deep sea submersibles and satellite space stations, even super telescopes in space. You see, how science fiction writers shape our world? And they do so above the fray of politics or scientific fiefdoms, where scientists are busy tearing down other peoples work in a primate political fashion for top billing.

Soon, we will have a man on Mars, or a woman and a base station, outpost, colony. Ben Bova a very excellent science fiction author and former editor of the famous Omni Magazine wrote two excellent books; Mars and Return to Mars, which did a lot to help promote a manned mission to the red planet. No, he was not the first to write about it, but he has widened the dream, soon it will be so, as reality mimics art. I therefore would like to recommend a very good book to you:

"Return to Mars" by Ben Bova; Avon Books, New York, NY; 1999.

This book is a science fiction suspense thriller and it will keep you up all night reading it, as you will not be able to put it down. Ben Bova has a way of doing this to his readers, and they love his works. Please consider this book and the future of man in space and a human colony on Mars.

Friday, 18 October 2013

Ella Tambussi Grasso - Political Pioneer

"I'm having trouble managing the mansion. What I need is a wife."
Ella T. Grasso

Any examination of the history of American women in politics invariably includes the name of Ella T. Grasso. In 1974, as an energy crisis loomed and debates raged on about a war halfway across the world, she would write her name in the history books by becoming the first Governor of a U.S. State. Setting her apart, however, is the fact that Ella Grasso won on her own merits, and was not simply succeeding a deceased husband or acting as his surrogate. For the past 30 years, Ella Grasso has rightly been regarded as a trailblazer and continues to serves as a model to politicians like Geraldine Ferrara and Hillary Clinton.

She was born on May 10, 1919, in Windsor Locks, Connecticut to Italian immigrant parents, James and Maria Oliva Tambussi,who named their daughter, Ella Giovanna Oliva. Her father owned and operated the Windsor Locks Bakery, and her mother was a mill worker. By all accounts, Ella enjoyed a happy childhood, maintaining many interests including membership in the Girl Scouts of America.

She attended St. Mary's School in Windsor, CT and then the nearby Chaffee School. Upon graduation from Chaffee in 1936, she entered Mount Holyoke College in South Hadley, Massachusetts. Four years later, she graduated magna cum laude with an Bachelor of Arts degree, majoring in economics and sociology with a double minor in history and political science. Her academic accomplishments were many, and she earned a Phi Beta Kappa key her junior year. Yet schoolwork was not enough to keep Ella busy. During her junior and senior years at Mount Holyoke, she held positions as a part-time assistant and teacher for the Department of Economics and Sociology.

The year 1942 was an important one for Ella on many levels. Mount Holyoke awarded her with a Masters of Arts degree in economics and sociology. But the bigger news was her marriage to Thomas Grasso, a school principal, and they would eventually have two children, Susanne and James.

That same year would initiate Ella's longtime life of public service as she began new position at the Connecticut State Department of Labor. A year later, she became the Assistant Connecticut State Director of Research for the War Manpower Commission and served until 1946. In 1952, Grasso won election to the Connecticut House of Representatives, and served until 1957. She became first woman to be elected Floor Leader of the House in 1955. By 1958 she was elected Secretary of the State of Connecticut and was re-elected in 1962 and 1966. She was the first woman to chair the Democratic State Platform Committee and served from 1956 to 1968. She served as a member of the Platform Drafting Committee for the 1960 Democratic National Convention, and was co-chairperson for the Resolutions Committee for the Democratic National Conventions of 1964 and 1968. In 1970 she was elected as a Democratic representative to the 92nd Congress, and won reelection in 1972.

In 1974, Grasso chose not to for reelection to Congress, instead opting to become Connecticut's next Governor. When she won the election in a landslide, the rumpled, salty-tongued daughter of Italian immigrants won to become America's first woman Governor. Her victory helped to establish the abilities of female politicians, and she became the first in a line of strong women elected to top offices in the state. She began her first term in 1975 and was elected to a second term in 1978.

Ella Grasso understood that gender could not be an obstacle in her political career. In a speech given at Mount Holyoke College she said that the time spent at her alma mater taught her that gender is not a "pressing issue in [her] life." She opted not to take the radical feminist stance so common during the 1970s; she chose to win the female vote with her policies on education and health. Upon winning the Connecticut governorship in 1974, Newsweek magazine - inspired by her victory and political acumen - ran a series of articles on women politicians.

Sadly, on December 31, 1980, Governor Grasso resigned her office due to illness. She passed away several weeks later on February 5, 1981, at the age of 61, from ovarian cancer. Her accomplishments, however, remained intact and the memories of her fellow politicians and constituents. Later that year, President Ronald Reagan posthumously awarded her the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and said, "Long before the women's movement had gained prominence, Ella Grasso had already begun the long, hard ascent to distinction as an elected public servant. A fond wife and mother, she proved that it is possible to reconcile a full family life with a long and eventful political career...[she] won the respect of fellow citizens of both parties. Tireless in the pursuit of duty and courageous in the face of illness, Ella Grasso has earned the admiration of all Americans as a legislator, a governor and a woman of outstanding character and achievement."

She is remembered for bringing the state of Connecticut out of debt and for creating an "open government," which gave ordinary citizens easier access to public records. Many citizens still speak reverentially of her actions during the Blizzard of 1978, when a nor'easter dumped over two feet of snow on the state. They recall with gratitude how she personally organized a massive relief effort even after the state lost all electricity for three days.

Governor William O'Neill, who succeeded Grasso, said soon after her passing, "She will never be replaced for she is irreplaceable. Nor will she ever be forgotten." It would be wise to always remember those who came before us, to acknowledge their courage in the face of criticism and illness. We must never overlook the difficult path pioneers like Ella T. Grasso chose to take. In many ways, it is not unlike that struggles shared by many Italian-Americans who have striven to achieve great things in this country.

Tuesday, 15 October 2013

Starting Your Career In Politics - 6 Positions for Your First Job

Here are 6 positions that are a good starting point for your first job in politics. While they're not certainly not glamourous, and will typically constitute long hours with meager to no pay, these jobs are essential to politics as a whole and the foundation of your successful career in politics.

Campaign Intern Call the state party and find out who the most competitive seats in your area are, and then call that campaign and say you want to help out today. Go down to the office and start volunteering, most likely by licking envelopes and making phone calls.

Government Intern Apply for an internship in a government office, often unpaid but sometimes not. Even a two-month internship can demonstrate that you are a reliable person whom they like and enjoy having around. That can lead them to offer you an unannounced position or a position shortly opening, and help steer you to it by telling the hiring manager to pick you.

Journalism Intern You must have a portfolio of some kind to get started, so start writing for a local paper or a somewhat prominent blog. Keep a clipping of your best work, and try to write original content that you do actual reporting for. Build up a file of 6-12 really solid pieces that you're proud of, and then find someone who can be critical and give you several ways to improve your portfolio. Call up the section editor for a paper you want to write for, and tell them you'll write something "on spec" for "no kill fee" meaning that there's no penalty for them if they decide not to run the article. Then, do a great job on those initial articles and become a regular with that editor. Once you can get 'in' there, and demonstrate your ability to write, ask your editor to keep an ear out for any openings. In time, they'll find a place for you if your writing is good.

Legislative Office Intern Definitely the best bet is to start here as the intern and work your way up. Some legislative staffers think interns are a waste of their time, and so they may not care enough to actually call you back. This happened to me once so I called every day for six weeks about an internship, which they eventually gave to me as a college freshman, likely just so I wouldn't call anymore. Many staffers, though, like having interns, even if only to make themselves feel more important. And truth be told, there are plenty of political science majors who take these positions and sneer at them, or treat them lightly, but demonstrating a hard work ethic and a positive attitude will go far. One thing that often gets overlooked are tours in the state capital or the national capitol. And this is a huge staff mistake. Tours are a constituent's primary interaction with an office, and each one of those people knows who your candidate is and votes, which puts them in the most precious box of electoral calculus: the reliable voter. So make the tour great, read up on the history of the building you give tours on, ask for permission to lead the constituent tours, the staff will think you're crazy, but you're crazy like a fox. If you give great tours and excel at this job, which I can confidently say you will based on how lazy most staffers are about it, you will make a great impression on management. And if you don't give tours, or that doesn't work out, find one project or item that you can really excel at. I got a job offer once because I was amazing at constituent mail, and had to be told by the Chief of Staff in a Senate office that my letters were getting noticed too much, and that as an intern I was way overstepping the bounds by asking for casework. That's the kind of "problem" that leads to a job offer, where you're doing too much work and take your roles very seriously.

Major Donor Staff These jobs are extremely hard to come by, you want to get to know a major donor and impress them to the point where they want to keep you on staff for them. The difficulty is that these people can also command people who have a longer history in politics than you to take these jobs because they're seen as such a safe bet. So, have serious skills that are well-demonstrated, and find a major donor to start a relationship and friendship with where they know and understand your skills. When that happens, in time, they'll create a job for you, but you can't ask them for it or else they'll see you as desiring a handout, which they won't want to give you.

Non-Profit Intern Almost every non-profit is short-handed, so go in and say that you want to help out. Do your best, put your heart into even the trivial details, and be continually value-added and they'll see and appreciate your value. Don't let them continue to use you for free help, however, and demonstrate that you want paid work to continue. They'll either find the money to pay you or they won't, but most likely they will if they see you as value-added, especially if you have fundraising skills.

Saturday, 12 October 2013

Wikileaks Documents Have Opened a New Look to Political Debates

The whole world came to a standstill at November 28, 2010 when an independent website, Wikileaks started to distribute detailed confidential documents (diplomatic cables) regarding US State department and its diplomatic missions all over the world. These confidential diplomatic cables were retrieved by Wikileaks from unknown source, but these were highly classified documents and were stolen from the secret database of US Government.

These confidential cables were sent to Wikileaks by an unknown source and Wikileaks reported that they received around 260,000 confidential cables, and at November 28, 2010, Wikileaks started publishing these cables and also distributed some to major news agencies. Wikileaks is publishing these documents in series with 80 documents per day, if going at this pace it will take almost ten years to release all documents.

The cables Wikileaks published created a buzz among journalists and politicians of different countries, many note-able personalities of eastern world commented on these cables and some rejected them as fake but interestingly there was no or minimum response from USA. These documents changed the political scenario of whole world and affected the international relations between different countries.

The cables regarding the eastern countries like Pakistan, Iran, Saudi Arabia and Afghanistan etc, revealed the things the presidents of these countries think about each other and what USA's perspective on these countries is, these cables created ferocity among the people, and affected international relations, but gave journalists lots of stuff to talk about.

These leaks have shifted the paradigm of political debates, it revealed how USA is exploiting other countries to gain its own advantage, and the Afghan files leaked earlier this year showed the real picture to the world. USA is most affected by these leaks as all the leaks are directly or indirectly refer to it. The proud politician of the eastern world also faced criticism by their own people.

The biggest debate regarding these leaks is that how such classified cables were leaked, right under the nose of US security departments? And whether this is legal to publish such documents?

Wikileaks is an international nonprofit organization and it publishes the submission of private secret and classified source from anonymous sources, it was established in 2006 under The Sunshine Press organization. Wikileaks operate as a news agency that can publish any leaked document regarding governments of any country; it is an international organization so it has no boundaries limits. But after publishing these cables, the governments of many countries mark this as an illegal and put pressure on Wikileaks to discontinue its operations. But Wikileaks defended its position by declaring that Freedom of Press allows them to tell the world truth and that Wikileaks operates under the Freedom of Information Act.

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights states, "Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference, and impart information and ideas through any media regardless of frontiers"

Whereas the Freedom of Information Legislations grant access to the data held by state.

Wikileaks is justified by its releasing of government data, because the legislation do not clarify that which data should be accessible and which should not. It is important to note that no cable release by Wikileaks is marked top-secret.

The journalists and political science analysts are analyzing different aspects of these leaks and their impact on the world. Most of the things revealed by the leaks were known, but were just speculations and these leaks confirmed them, like relationship between USA and Pakistan, and the facts regarding Afghan and Iraq war.

Julian Assange is the Editor in Chief of Wikileaks and has won many distinction awards, he won Economist Index on Censorship Award in 2008; Amnesty International UK Media Award (New Media) in 2009 and in 2010 he was awarded Sam Adams award. But after these cables were released on November 28, 2010, Assange faced the worst criticism from high-profile personnel all over the world whereas the people and journalists claimed him as the hero by telling the people about things they were ignorant of.

Earlier this year at August 20, 2010 the Swedish police had opened an investigation against Assange for the sexual assault of two women aged 26 and 31. And at December 7, 2010 he was arrested in UK and is in custody at present.

Wikileaks official website has been blocked by many countries and some influential countries tried to hack and shut down this website but all in vain. Wikileaks revealed the real face of some so-called super powers and brought politics and journalism to all new level. Although the site has been banned by many countries and the Chief Editor is facing trial but it has triggered the fire. Many new websites are being launched, leading government of different countries with no chance but to act fair and to respect others.

Wednesday, 9 October 2013

Climategate: Peer Review, Science Data, and the Public's Right to Know

Peer review: Reputable scientific journals have a peer review process to ensure that published papers are free of errors in reasoning and methodology and that they report only the best research. Upon submission of a paper, the editor of the journal removes the name of the authors and sends it to expert researchers to be reviewed. The names of the authors are kept confidential by the editor to ensure that the author's reputation, past personal differences, or factors other than the quality of the work cannot affect the review. The editor of the journal considers the reports of the reviewers and decides whether the paper should be published or returned to the author for corrections. Few papers receive outright rejection and the papers returned for correction are usually returned with reviewers comments.

The names of the reviewers are kept confidential by the editor to ensure that the author does not directly contact the reviewer to argue or does not retaliate against a reviewer. In a recent case, John Christy was able to discover through the stolen CRU e-mails who reviewed one of his papers and why the editor published it as he did. The paper was controversial in nature and contained opinions not held by most other climate scientists. The editor, in an attempt to present both sides of the issue, published Christy's paper alongside a paper that presented the opposite view. Using information to which he should not have been entitled, Christy publicly attacked the reviewers, the editor, the peer review process, and climate science in general. His actions violated the integrity of the process and also the professional ethics required of scientists as he released his opinions to the public before the matter could be impartially investigated.

The Public's Rights: The claims that the names of the reviewers and the editor's reasons should be made public are invalid. Scientific journals are funded by subscriptions and dues of members and not publicly funded. The review process is set up as it is to ensure the integrity of published science papers and "peer reviewed" is the gold standard of quality in science information. The editor of the journal has the right to choose the reviewers and decide what is published just as the editor of a newspaper has the right to publish or reject articles without divulging the reasons.

Scientific Data: The public's right to the data of researchers is another matter. Researchers are required to keep records of their research so that any other scientist with comparable training and skills could reproduce the research. The "reproducibility" of the research is an important factor in the reviewer's evaluation of the research. The public has a right to information produced by publicly funded research and that may be requested through the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). Usually a "Gatekeeper", such as the project's director, is designated to handle FOIA requests. That Gatekeeper has a responsibility to see not only that the public's rights are upheld, but that the FOIA process is not abused and that the scientists are protected.

Abuse of Openness: Scientists are understandably reluctant to release their data - as some who did release it later came to feel as if gremlins had seized their work and their lives. Some researchers have been harassed by numerous and frivolous requests for information meant only to impede their work. That is particularly true in climate science where there are apparently well-funded gremlins, some of them ex-scientists*, at work. Worse, scientists have been criticized publicly for reasonable practices that can be misconstrued. For example, good research requires the calibration of equipment, yet that has been led to accusations of "adjusting the data". And, a math 'trick" used to simplify a computation, was mischaracterized as "tricking the public".

Even worse, when Phil Jones, the CRU director, released his raw data for a 1990 research paper to a former London financial trader, Douglas J. Keenan, Keenan combed through the data and then tried to have the FBI arrest Jones' co-author for fraud. An investigation cleared the researchers of any wrongdoing but it took a toll on their time and work. Incidents like that have a chilling effect on the willingness of scientists to release their data. Some scientists who released their raw data, have seen it "recalculated" in such a way as to reach conclusions contrary to their findings, yet attributable to them. Reputable journals will not publish the erroneous conclusions of "recalculated" data, but some newspaper articles, blog sites, and even Congressional hearings will use them to promote a controversy manufactured by someone who actually did no research. And, once the fallacy is "out there", it is hard to correct.

Sorting It Out: Certainly, the public has a right to openness in public funded research. Much of the scientific debate take place at scientific meetings and those wishing to hear the research debated may attend. The FOIA Gatekeeper has an important role to see that the FOIA requests are valid, that scientists are not harassed, and that those who wish to use the data for unscientific, or even malevolent purposes, do not have easy access to the data. The next step for those who do not like the Gatekeeper's decision is to seek redress in the courts - not by illegally hacking the researcher's computers.

* The author considers those scientist who abandon the methodology, ethics, and objectivity of science; especially for money, notoriety, or political purposes, to be "ex-scientists".

(C) 2010 J.C. Moore

Sunday, 6 October 2013

Is The Science Of Medicine In The US Pure Science Or Merely Drug Company Propaganda?

In the United States so-called science in regard to medicine is nothing more than a propaganda machine designed to sell more of big drug company's products. The clinical trials which the FDA uses to make decisions about drug approvals are almost completely conducted by the drug company selling the product. Big pharmaceutical companies hire (scientists?) to design and implement studies which will produce the exact result that the drug company needs to sell their product. If a scientist has too much integrity to use fraud and deception to manipulate testing they are quickly fired and sometimes even blackballed from the drug industry altogether.

It is common practice in the U.S. to manipulate drug tests in order to receive a favorable result (for drug company's products) which then makes it possible to champion the most ludicrous claims imaginable by these poison pushers. They then pick the exact studies which favor the particular drug they want to sell (discarding that which is not favorable) and these are sent over to the FDA for approval. The FDA approves countless drugs based on this farce.

This Same Bad Science Is Used To Discredit Natural Cures

The science falsely so-called which is used to promote synthetic chemicals that are proven dangerous and for the most part absolutely ineffective is also used to discredit vitamins, nutrition, and natural medicine as cures for disease. If nutrition, supplements, herbal treatments, exercise, pure water, and common sense were able to be patented you can bet your last dollar that drug companies would be touting their benefits. As of this writing, however, they still can't find a way to make money on natural remedies, so they will continue to be shunned by the medical community, the FDA, and mainstream media, in favor of synthetic drugs made in a laboratory.

Most of the science in relation to food, medicine, and the environment in the United States is nothing more than a propaganda machine for big business. Scientists in these areas are more like magicians who through the use of fancy slight of hand tactics provide the illusion that a product sold by the corporation is actually good or even a miracle product. This so-called science has no concern whatsoever for your health or the environment but only for the bottom line of the corporation who has paid them handsomely to produce favorable results.

Why Has A Cure For Cancer Not Been Found?

Thousands and thousands of people have been working in the field of cancer research for decades in the "search for the cure." What have these many years and multiplied billions of dollars dumped into this "search" provided cancer patients? Absolutely nothing! There is no cure now and there is no cure on the horizon. It is a multi-billion dollar money making machine that is utterly corrupted by greed. There will never be a cure for cancer from this scientific community because cancer is very big business. There is big money in treating cancer and managing it but the money supply would dry up quickly if a cure were ever found. It would put too many folks out of business so do not look for a cure any time soon or even in your lifetime.

That's why the FDA outlaws any claims of healing through nutrition, (raw fruits, vegetables, whole grains, beans, nuts and seeds) vitamin supplements, herbs, and lifestyle changes such as exercise, while championing the benefits of statin drugs promoted by the drug industry and at the same time downplaying the horrible side effects to include the worst side effect of all -- DEATH. They will never tell you that natural remedies actually prevent cancer in the first place and often cure cancer in the sufferer because these natural remedies are inexpensive and can be used by all.

It is all too clear when unbiased facts are weighed in the balances that the so-called science of today is nothing more than the whore of big industry. This science is dedicated to conning people out of their hard earned paychecks and in this game cures do not pay the piper. In this high stakes game a cure is a bad thing. If the tremendous amount of money and resources dumped into the cure for diseases such as cancer, Alzheimer's, diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and osteoporosis (just to name a few) have never produced a cure than we either have the stupidest scientists on planet earth, or they have an agenda to keep drug companies churning out one new statin drug after another which cannot cure any disease but merely manage it. This science falsely so-called does not spend any of our hard earned money researching the cause of the disease but only the disease itself. It doesn't take a rocket scientist to understand that if you know what causes something you can then eliminate it.

A Simple Cure For Cancer

One of the best cures for cancer according to much unbiased research is the sun. Yes, the sun! Vitamin D from the sun or from good supplements has been shown to eliminate the risk of cancer in up to 75 percent of the population. Since the sun cannot be patented, this true science about the miracle of vitamin D is widely suppressed. Tests are even manipulated to not only downplay the roll of vitamin D but to also scare us to death so that if we ever do get out in the fresh air and sunshine we must be covered from head to toe in expensive sunscreen. In addition the ridiculously low levels of vitamin D that the medical community touts as reasonable and safe is a joke. That is why over 80 percent of the population is suffering from a lack of vitamin D which is also why the above named diseases are running rampant in the United States.

Science Needs To Step Away From Big Industry And Seek True Answers

The scientific community will never provide a cure for anything as long as they are on the payroll of big industry. In this writer's opinion true science should seek knowledge about the wonders of the universe apart from the influence of big business or politics. It is my personal opinion that the only true function of a human scientist is to discover how God made it and what are it's true properties. This is pure science and has no agendas except the discovering of truth. Pure science is an impossibility, however, when the scientific community in this country are merely the corporate whores of big business who manipulate testing in favor of their pimps.

Until there is a major reform as to how science is conducted in America, and even it's reason for being, we will continue to suffer the highest disease rates of any developed country in the world and these diseases will continue to ravage our society to the bankrupting of this great land which many including myself proudly call home. May this scenario which is well on it's way never be brought to fruition!

Friday, 4 October 2013

Social Sciences Offering Interesting Study Programs and Career Opportunities

Social sciences include disciplines that are not part of natural sciences. Political science, sociology, journalism, anthropology, linguistic, history, behavioral science, and women's studies are some of the study programs offered by a social science department in any university or college. These study programs are quite popular, because they offer great career opportunities.

In ancient times, mathematics, history, and literature were all considered the same. However, with the passage of time, social science became a distinct field of study. Today these subjects have their own theories, methodologies, and study principles. These sciences are quite different from natural sciences, such as mathematics, in the way they are taught and in their area of focus.

Study Of Society

Social sciences explore the human society from various angles. For example, political science explores the development and functions of government. One of the ways it explores the development of government is by studying the behavior of various rulers throughout the history.

Sociology, on the other hand, studies human behavior and pattern of human interaction within the society. In sociology, students study how human behavior is influenced and governed by factors like, religion, society, and laws.

Therefore, those who are interested in studying society, government, or human behavior should take up one of the social sciences as a major subject. If you are not quite sure whether to choose political science or sociology, you can always talk to a counselor who will be able to guide you properly.

Career Options For Political Science Graduates

These study fields are quite popular, interesting, and offer great career opportunities. For example, political science graduates can become future politicians or civil servants. However, these are not the only two options available to them.

They can also pursue a teaching career. With a graduate degree, one can become a high school teacher. Those who are interested in becoming a professor in political science at a college or university will need to first get a masters and PhD degree in that subject.

A degree in political science, which is one of the favorite subjects among social sciences, also opens door to becoming a legislative aid, campaign manager, district attorney, or judge.

A degree in sociology also opens many doors to graduates. Business, counseling, journalism, politics, correction facilities, and administration are just the areas that a sociology graduate can pursue as a career.

It is very clear that all the study fields in social science are rewarding in terms of learning experience and career options. Moreover, social science study programs are offered in almost every college or university. Besides opting for degree programs in social sciences, students can also opt for diploma or certificate programs. Whatever study program you choose, make sure that it matches your study interests and career dreams.

The Cost Factor

Though there are plenty of social science study programs to choose from, yet many students cannot pursue them due to cost factor. It is no secret that in recent years, tuition fees have increased dramatically and this has put many colleges out of reach of many students.

However, you should not give up your dreams simply because of the cost. You can apply for scholarships or financial aid to pay for your tuition cost. As far as saving on college textbooks is concerned you can buy secondhand books. Better yet, you can shop online for your college textbooks. Online stores offer cheap college textbooks and can help you save hundreds of dollars every semester.

With proper planning and budgeting, you will be able to pursue your studies in social sciences and enjoy a great career in the future.

Tuesday, 1 October 2013

Social Science Careers in Today's Job Market

The range of academic disciplines that fall within the social science classification includes anthropologists, archaeologists, psychologists, geographers, historians, political scientists, economists, and urban or regional planners.  That's a wide range of expertise; it includes looking at cultures present and past, studying their behavior, their economies and the ground beneath them. 

Many of these positions are primarily research oriented.  According to the Department of Labor, over 40% of all social scientists exclusive of psychologists and urban planners work for the federal government.  It's a good guess that another large group of them teach.  The social sciences comprise a number of fascinating fields; but the number of professionals who have gotten a social science education and are able to utilize it in a commercial or business environment is limited.

  • Psychologists are an exception to that rule.  Clinical psychologists must hold a doctorate and maintain strict licensure.  However there are a number of career options for graduates form a bachelors or masters program in psychology.  Human resource departments in medium and large businesses hire psychology majors to work as interviewers, trainers or recruiters.  Any sort of job that involves extensive human contact and interaction - sales, account management,  counseling jobs that don't require special licensure, probation and parole workers - all of these professions have psychology graduates in their ranks.
  • Urban and regional planners engage in research, but for very specific purposes with clear objectives in mind.  They work with statistics, economic data and demographics in order to produce recommendations on development questions or plans for a given geographic or political entity. 
  • Political scientists who do graduate work usually teach.  Students with a baccalaureate in political science might find a job opportunity within a municipal, county or state agency handling constituent work or dealing with active civic organizations.  Some cut their teeth doing campaign work and eventually become political consultants.
  • Archaeologists who work for the government often survey proposed development sites to ascertain what, if any evidence may be found there that relates to historical use of the property.  Many anthropologists have found a niche working with businesses that have product development divisions and that want information on how a product may be perceived and used by the public based cultural, physical or sociological factors.  Geographers are generally employed by governments for the purpose of studying the physical impact of proposed development on a piece of real estate. 
  • Graduates with a degree in economics have a lot of options, both in business and in government.  Budget development is a major government function that occurs on an annual basis.  Government agencies also look at the economic impact of many things, from proposed legislation to the closure of military bases to the economic model of a foreign nation.  At the local level, city or county administrators employ economic professionals to manage finances and revenue.  The same is true of businesses, where you may find a former economics student working as a risk manager, financial officer or budget analyst.

If you are interested in studying one of the social sciences you should consider speaking with a career counselor at your (potential) school.  Many colleges today have placement offices and career professionals who work in them.  With persistence, you should be able to find a job opportunity that will allow you to utilize your education in the social sciences.